Bone Marrow Biopsy

Bone Marrow Biopsy

A bone marrow biopsy is used help identify blood disorders

A bone marrow biopsy is the removal of soft tissue, called marrow, from inside bone. Bone marrow is found in the hollow part of most bones. It helps form blood cells. Itmay be done in the health care provider’s office or in a hospital. The sample may be taken from the pelvic or breast bone. Sometimes, other areas are used. A biopsy needle is inserted into the bone and is able to capture a tiny sample, or core, of bone marrow within the needle. The sample and needle are removed. Pressure and a bandage are applied to the biopsy site.

When preparing for a bone marrow biopsy, please let us know the following:

  • If you are allergic to any medications
  • What medications you are taking
  • If you have bleeding problems
  • If you are pregnant

A bone marrow biopsy is used diagnose:

  • Anemia (some types)
  • Infections
  • Leukemia
  • Other blood disorders

It may help determine whether cancers have spread or responded to treatment.

For normal results, the marrow should contain the proper number and types of:

  • Blood-forming (hematopoietic) cells
  • Connective tissues
  • Fat cells

Abnormal results may be due to:

  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
  • Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
  • Disseminated bacterial or fungal infections
  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
  • Lymphoma
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Myelofibrosis
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
  • Primary thrombocytopenia
  • Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia

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